12 Bytes (by Jeanette Winterson)

12 Bytes Jeanette Winterson Social

“There’s a new kind of quasi-religious discourse forming, with its own followers, its creed, its orthodoxy, its heretics, its priests, its literature, its eschatological framework. Even its own Singularity. It’s AI.”

Title: 12 Bytes
Author: Jeanette Winterson
Published by: Grove Press

ChatGPT, everyone’s favourite purveyor of bad poetry, was released in November 2022, with OpenAI’s generative AI tool altering the landscape of work for a number of industries. 

This of course extended to indie authors who, long-acquainted with having the odds stacked against them, found Kindle Unlimited flooded with bookish sewage overnight as a clutch of have-a-go writers and grifters took advantage. Fortunately, Amazon would eventually restrict them from only publishing a mere 3 books a day. That’ll teach them.

This brings us to 12 Bytes, a brilliant piece of non-fiction by witty wordsmith and all-round literary rockstar, Jeanette Winterson. Published as a series of topical essays, she guides the reader through key developments in tech.

And whilst it helps if the reader is familiar with AI, this is by no means mandatory – this is pure Winterson; informative and hilarious in equal measure.

Welcome to the metaverse

From sex robots and metaverse avatars, to transhumanist biotech such as Neuralink, the future is digital, whether you like it or not. 

And 12 Bytes offers a great insight into this from the perspective of a writer. Winterson speaks on the topic with a prescience, having immersed herself in the worlds of big tech, automation, and AI for a number of years.

In fact, her 2019 novel Frankissstein was a retelling of Mary Shelley’s famous gothic novel, with the monster less a physical manifestation and more a discussion on the ethics of AI, transhumanism, and cryonics.

Likewise, as generative AI develops in leaps and bounds, it poses a number of questions for society, including the future of creativity and employment. These are big, emotive topics with rival pro and anti-AI camps emerging in creative circles.

Binary opposition

Because our society thrives on binary opposition, the subject of AI has pitched tech evangelists against artists in public discourse.

Artists and publishers are (understandably) concerned that their work is being used to train AI tools, whilst the tech sector has to make the case that regulation (such as the EU’s AI Act) must be applied in calm and informed moderation rather than in a reactionary manner.

Fortunately, Winterson doesn’t buy into this adversarial discourse – engaging with the topic of artificial intelligence with, well, intelligence and nuance.

It’s worth noting that 12 Bytes was actually published in 2021, over a year prior to us mere mortals gaining access to generative AI tools. 

I asked Winterson at Manchester Lit Fest whether her thoughts had changed since the dawn of publicly available generative AI tools. 

Her answer? 

“Well, I have to be optimistic, because what’s the alternative?”

In 12 Bytes Winterson envisions a world where AI could help transcend human limitations and biases. Is this overly optimistic? Time will tell.

Womens’ erasure from tech - A tale as old as time

We live in a world of ‘tech bros’. Think Mark Zuckerberg, Elon Musk, and Sam Altman. 

Tech Bro Spirit Halloween Costume - Stuff Tech Bros Like
Source: StuffTechBrosLike

And yet Winterson drops a series of truth bombs throughout 12 Bytes. The forerunners to modern tech innovations such as AI and automation lie in the work done by women. 

12 Bytes analyses the history of tech, bringing the women responsible for our current advancements into the public consciousness. She pores over the work of Ada Lovelace in particular, taking jabs at the notion that tech is predominantly for men (a myth invariably propagated by men).

To be clear, this isn’t a polemical book – it’s just the facts. And because of this, 12 Bytes is important. It’s a chronicle of history that simply isn’t taught or discussed, arriving at a time in which artificial intelligence models are being trained en masse in a sector lacking in diversity.

And from a historical perspective, 12 Bytes is a fantastic chronicle of the erasure of womens’ roles in tech. Even those familiar with the subject will find some of the passages astounding.

Final Thoughts

12 Bytes is an excellent piece of non-fiction that manages to inform and entertain in equal measure. 

At times Winterson, a sharp thinker, falls foul of the ‘looking at screens is inherently bad for us’ trope when discussing technology, which doesn’t hold up under any meaningful scrutiny.

Still, 12 Bytes is a witty and highly competent analysis of the tech sector’s history, and a must-read for anyone curious about the past, present, and future of the industry.


The Dark Side of the Sky (by Francesco Dmitri)

Dark Side of the Sky Book Review

‘Our whole life — what we believe, what we do — hinges on whatever answer we give. What do we live for?

Since before we are born, there is a whole world deciding for us [...] Making laws for us to follow and inflicting punishments if we dare to differ.’

Title: The Dark Side of the Sky
Author: Francesco Dmitri
Published by: Titan Books

As the dark of evening gathers and the fire crackles, the Open Feast awaits you and your fellow guests.

You gather around the fire, close your eyes, and hum in unison with your misfits-in-arms. The hubbub builds until it reaches its zenith, and you sense an otherworldly presence as the known world melts away.

This is The Dark Side of the Sky, a marvellous piece of contemporary magic realism from Francesco Dmitri, author of Never the Wind and The Book of Hidden Things.

It’s a thrilling tale of belonging, morality, and a reexamination of the social contract we all unwittingly sign upon birth.

What is The Dark Side of the Sky about?

Dmitri’s latest novel follows The Bastion, a spiritualist collective living in relative isolation on a reserve in Puglia, south Italy.

Once a year, the Bastion extends an exclusive invitation to the ‘Open Feast,’ a secretive cultural retreat for the curious. The Feast’s visitors, all with divergent life experiences, arrive for different reasons.

These include Zoey Lee, CEO of Soul Journey — a mind, body, and spirit festival — who is keen to check out what competitors in the sector are doing. Charlie, a young professional French woman, looks for answers following a recent traumatic event. Meanwhile, Mikka, a roving hippie with a penchant for hard drugs, seeks a fraternal home.

The Dark Side of the Sky follows the lives of Open Feast participants from their humdrum day-to-day lives, through to the more exotic, mind-bending nights by the campfire. Told from multiple perspectives, Dmitri spins a truly brilliant yarn with an equally solid cast of characters.

Nuanced and morally complex

Every generation, the media—invariably right-leaning—selects a group of people it decides to ostracise.

Whether it’s The Catcher in the Rye poisoning the youth of its time, the wealth of moral panics around comic books, or sinister emo bands ‘cults’ corrupting our children, history isn’t short of cultural scapegoats.

But there’s a common thread that binds these incidents. A new or ‘alternative’ form of art emerges, prompting the media to run a handful of shock-jock stories on the alleged effects it has on the younger generation.

On the face of it, The Bastion is an ideal target. They’re young, hostile to social norms, and believe that they’re going to save the world. At best, it appears naive — a target ripe for ridicule — and at worst, a dangerous inculcation of Messianic dogma.

There’s a risk that a novel like this lapses into straightforward binaries of good versus evil, old versus young, and progressive versus regressive, with our outsiders struggling against a system rigged against them.

However, The Dark Side of the Sky is a delightfully nuanced and morally complex novel that blurs the boundary of cult and community in a fascinating way, riffing on this ambiguity to disorientate the reader.

Final Thoughts

The Dark Side of the Sky is peak magic realism, managing to capture that elusive balance of real-world relatability and implied wonder that masters of the genre exhibit.

With beautiful, evocative, (and sometimes brutal) writing, Dmitri’s novel captures the magic of the Open Feast with great success. The writing style is ‘literary’ without being too high-minded, and accessible without being too simplistic.

The setting of Puglia does feel frustratingly underutilised — the Open Feast could, conceivably, have been held anywhere — but it doesn’t detract from an excellent tale and may even help reach a wider audience.

In any case, The Dark Side of the Sky is a genuine page-turner that will generate lots of discussion and debate, both at book clubs and online. I’ll certainly be checking out Dmitri’s back catalogue after this one.